LAURIER

NIET INHEEMSE SOORTEN

Andere bomen

* Laurier     Laurus Nobilis             laurier(fr)

De Laurier is een groenblijvende struik of boom, inheems in het Middellandse zee gebied. Bladeren veel gebruikt in de keuken. De Romeinen maakten er lauwerkransen van. Hoogte tot 12 a 18 meter.

De Laurier = Laurus Nobilis is een altijdgroene struik of boom uit de familie van de laurieren, die hier wel in de volle grond op een warme plek tot 6 meter hoog kan uitgroeien. Het is een plant met een strakke bast, sterk vertakt met glanzende, donkergroene bladeren. De onopvallende gele bloemen bloeien in mei en juni.  Er worden vervolgens eerst groene, later zwart wordende bessen gevormd met de grootte van een kers (1,2 cm). Laurier kan in veel omstandigheden groeien, maar is niet echt winterhard. Alhoewel er wel voldoende  winterharde soorten zijn, die hier op een warme plek geplant goed aanslaan. Het groeit van nature in Zuid-Europa, Noord-West Afrika en Zuid-West Azië. De manlijke en vrouwelijke bloemen verschijnen begin van de zomer op afzonderlijke bomen.

In de Romeinse tijd was de laurier al een belangrijke plant. De bladeren werden gebruikt om lauwerkransen te make voor zegevierende strijdheren en leiders, maar ook om belangrijke schrijvers en dichters te eren. Ze noemden de plant niet voor niets LAURUS NOBILIS, waarbij “Laudare” in het Latijn prijzen betekent.

Voor aanplant hier, kijk op : http://www.natuur-keuken.nl/eten/laurier-is-van-oudsher-een-nobele-struik/

INHOUDSSTOFFEN

Het blad bevat zeker 3% etherische olie( Lauri Aetheroleum) met Cineol als bestanddeel. Verder Sesquiterpenlactone als Costunolide, Eremantine en Dehydrocostuslactone en verder Aporphinebasen als Boldine, Koffiezuurderivaen, Flavonoides, Catechine en Procyanidine.

bessen van de laurier

De vruchten bevatten vergelijkbare stoffen en verder 26% vette olie.

GEBRUIK: zowel medisch als in onze keuken.

In de keuken kan men zowel verse als gedroogde bladeren gebruiken.

Alleen het blad wordt in de keuken gebruikt en geeft bij kneuzen een zoete, balsemachtige geur. In gerechten geeft laurier een iets bittere, aromatische smaak af, met iets van nootmuskaat, foelie en vanille. Daarom zien velen het meer als een specerij, dan als kruid. Men kan zowel het blad vers of gedroogd gebruiken. Men kan in recepten als men niet beschikt over laurierblad het eventueel vervangen door gedroogde bloemetjes van boerenwormkruid, maar ook dat hebben de meeste mensen ook niet altijd voor handen.

Zie voor recepten ook op: http://www.natuur-keuken.nl/eten/laurier-is-van-oudsher-een-nobele-struik/

Net als bij velen staat er bij ons een klein laurierboompje. Ook in vele Hortussen en kruidentuinen kan men grotere laurierbomen hier vinden, zo ook in de Hortus in Nijmegen.

Verwar de laurier niet met de tuinstruik laurierkers, die bij velen is aangeplant. Van deze plant zijn alle delen giftig.

Voor het zelf kweken van laurier en vele recepten met laurier, klikt dan door naar natuur-keuken.nl

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