TUIN-HIBISCUS

Tuinhibiscus ((Hibiscus syriacus) of vroeger bekend onder de naam altheastruik kan uitgroeien tot stevige struiken die wel 2 meter omvang kunnen hebben en wel 3 meter hoog. Van oorsprong komt deze Hibiscus-soort uit Azië, in Zuid Korea is het de nationale bloem. Het is hier al lamg gelden ingevoerd en sommige varieteiten kunnen goed tegen nachtvorst en koude. Na strenge vorst vriezen de takken in. Ook als je ze snoeit komen ze tot bloei, want ze bloeien in bovenste bladeren van de jongste scheuten. De bladverliezende plant heeft vrij grote, ovale drie lobbige bladeren. De jonge bladeren zijn appelgroen, maar ze worden snel donkerder groen. Tuin-hibiscus bestaat in heleboel verschillende soorten met enkele en dubbele bloemen in vele kleuren als wit, roze, blauw, paars en licht tot heel donker-rood. Ze bloeien van augustus tot diep in de herfst, de laatste jaren zelfs tot in begin november.

Een koude en natte zomer geeft veel minder bloemen. Dan vallen de knoppen voor de bloei er af. Soms herstellen ze zich snel na een natte periode en vormen ze opnieuw bloemknoppen. En zetten U dan later in het jaar toch in de bloemen. De TUIN-HIBISCUS is tegenwoordig een veel voorkomende plant van elders. Het is een wintervaste plant, die het goed doet in ons klimaat. Het behoort tot de kaasjeskruidfamilie, die meerdere eetbare planten kent als natuurlijk klein en groot kaasjeskruid zelf, maar ook de stokroos en de lindeboom. Hibiscus-soorten komen op veel plekken op de wereld voor vanaf Zuid-Europa, oost Europa tot ver in Azië. Vele worden als groente gegeten of hebben een medisch nut.

Wil je meer weten over enkele andere planten uit deze familie-

stokroos

stokroos in een salade

kaasjeskruid

kaasjeskruid

AANPLANTEN

Men kan tuinhibiscus uit stekken op laten groeien. Snij ze dan wel vroeg in de herfst en laat ze in huis in de winter verder uitgroeien en goed wortelen. In april zou men ze dan buiten kunnen uitplanten.

Ook uit zaad is tuinhibiscus op te kweken. Onder andere Vreeken levert er zaad voor. Zaaien in huis van januari tot mei. Verspenen op 6cm. en verder laten uitgroeien. Tuinhibiscus houdt van een rijke, niet te natte grond, liefst in de volle zon, maar zeker niet op een erg winderige plek planten. Voor een warme zuidmuur doen ze het uitstekend.

tuinhibiscus-volle-bloeiende-struik

MEDISCH

Tuinhibiscus heeft een medicinale werking. Vooral de bast wordt onder andere gebruikt voor vele middelen zoals bij de bestrijding van diarree, dysenterie en pijn.

IN DE KEUKEN

Van de tuinhibiscus is zowel het jonge blad rauw als gestoofd lekker en kunnen de bloemen zowel rauw als verwerkt gegeten worden. De wortels zijn zelfs eetbaar maar als bron van koolhydraten hebben ze weinig smaak.

tuinhibiscus 1

Van bloem en blad kan men vers en gedroogd kruidenthee zetten.

Alle recepten voor kaasjes kruid en stokroos zijn ook voor tuinhibiscus te gebruiken.

Recept voor een dipsaus met tuinhibiscus op natuur-keuken.nl

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